Sonia Maino was born on 9 December 1946 to Stefano and Paola Maino in Contrada Màini (“Maini quarter”), at Lusiana, a historically Cimbrian-speaking village 30 km from Vicenzain Veneto, Her father, Stefano, was a building mason, who owned a small construction business in Orbassano.
Sonia maino married to Rajiv Gandhi in 1968,couple had two children, Rahul Gandhi and Priyanka Vadra .Her involvement with Indian public life began after the assassination of her mother-in-law and her husband’s election as prime minister.
Gandhi is an Indian politician of Italian descent.she is a former president of the Indian National Congress. Having taken over as the party leader in 1998, seven years after her husband’s assassination, she remained in office for a record nineteen years, a period that was characterised by the party’s renewed adherence to the centre-left position on the Indian political spectrum.
Gandhi has since been credited for being instrumental in formulating the alliance,which was re-elected to power in 2009. Gandhi’s declined the premiership following the 2004 victory, she led the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) and the National Advisory Council.
Gandhi’s active participation in politics began to reduce in latter half of the second term of the UPA government..Gandhi presided over the advisory council credited for the formation and subsequent implementation of such rights-based development and welfare schemes as the Right to information, Food security bill, and MNREGA,while also drawing criticism as a result of the Bofors scandal and the National Herald Case.Although she never held any public office in the government of India, Gandhi has been widely described as one of the most powerful politicians in the country, as well as in the world.