Vijay Ramniklal Rupani was born on 2 August 1956 in Rangoon, Burma (now Yangon, Myanmar) to Mayaben and His father Ramniklal Rupani is a Jain Bania family.His family moved to Rajkot in 1960 due to political instability in Burma.
Vijay Rupani is married to Anjali Rupani, who is also a member of BJP women wing.The couple has a son; Rushabh,and daughter, Radhika.The couple lost their youngest son Pujit in an accident and has started the Pujit Rupani Memorial Trust for charity
Vijay Rupani started his career as student activist associated with Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (ABVP).He joined Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) and subsequently joined Jan Sangh in 1971 has been associated with Bharatiya Janta Party since its establishment He was a Pracharak of RSS from 1978 to 1981, alsoelected as a corporator of Rajkot Municipal Corporation (RMC) in 1987 and became the chairman of drainage committee. The next year became the chairman of standing committee of RMC from 1988 to 1997.
He became BJP’s Gujarat unit general secretary in 1998 and served as the chairman of manifesto committee during chief minister-ship of Keshubhai Patel. He was appointed as a chairman of Gujarat Tourism in 2006. He was a member of Rajya Sabha from 2006-12. He served as BJP’s Gujarat unit general secretary four times and chairman of the Gujarat Municipal Finance Board in 2013 during chief minister-ship of Narendra Modi.
He succeeded Anandiben Patel and sworn in as the Chief Minister of Gujarat on 7 August 2016. In the Gujarat Legislative Assembly election, 2017, he retained Rajkot West constituency defeating the Indian National Congress candidate Indranil Rajyaguru.He was unanimously elected as the leader of legislature party on 22 December 2017 and is continued as the Chief Minister of Gujarat with Nitin Patel as the Deputy Chief Minister.