Narendra Damodardas Modi Narendra Modi was born on 17 September 1950 to a family of grocers in Vadnagar, Mehsana district, Bombay State (present-day Gujarat). He was the third of six children born to Damodardas Mulchand Modi and Hiraben Modi. Modi helped his father to sell tea as a child, and later ran his own stall.
He was introduced to the RSS at the age of eight, beginning a long association with the organisation. He left home after graduating from school,travelled around India for two years, and visited a number of religious centres.The RSS assigned him to the BJP in 1985, and he held several positions within the party hierarchy until 2001, rising to the rank of general secretary.
Modi was appointed as the Chief Minister of Gujarat from 2001 to 2014, due to Keshubhai Patel’s failing health and poor public image following the earthquake in Bhuj. Modi was elected to the legislative assembly soon after. His administration has been considered complicit in the 2002 Gujarat riots, or otherwise criticised for its handling of it, although a court found no evidence to prosecute him.
Modi led the BJP in the 2014 general election, which gave the party a majority in the Lok Sabha,first time a single party had achieved this since 1984. and became the 14th and current Prime Minister of India, in office since May 2014. He is the Member of Parliament for Varanasi. Since taking office, Modi’s administration has tried to raise foreign direct investment in the Indian economy, increased spending on infrastructure, and reduced spending on healthcare and social welfare programmes. Modi has attempted to improve efficiency in the bureaucracy, and centralised power through the abolition of the planning commission. He has begun a high-profile sanitation campaign, and weakened or abolished environmental and labour laws commission.
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